Vendredi 10 Juillet à 14h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
James Barnard (IPPP - Durham) : Chiral SUSY Breaking
Recent work by Intriligator, Seiberg and Shih has provided a simple method for SUSY breaking in which the SUSY breaking vacuum is not the true groundstate. We ask whether their method can be extended to stable, rather than metastable, SUSY breaking and show that models with some degree of chirality are good candidates.
ATTENTION : changement d’heure du séminaire !
Jeudi 9 Juillet à 17h, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Prof. Dr. Kei-Ichi Kondo (Univ. of Tokyo/Chiba Univ., Japan) : Gribov-Zwanziger horizon condition, ghost and gluon propagators
and Kugo-Ojima confinement criterion
We discuss how the restriction to the Gribov region restricts the possible value for the Kugo-Ojima parameter for color confinement and ghost and gluon dressing functions. Within the Gribov-Zwanziger theory, (1) we prove that the Kugo-Ojima color confinement criterion u(0)=-1 is not satisfied in a naive form, rather u(0)=-2/3, (2) we prove that the ghost propagator behaves like free in the deep infrared regime, (3) we give a general field theoretical argument supporting that the gluon propagator is non-vanishing at low momenta, in harmony with recent lattice results and decoupling solution of the Schwinger-Dyson equation. We also discuss a nilpotent BRST like symmetry in the Gribov-Zwanziger theory.
Jeudi 18 Juin à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Al Mueller : Ads/CFT and Heavy Ion Collisions
Essential features of data from heavy ion collisions are used to motivate the interest in viewing the quark gluon plasma as a strongly interacting system. The successes, and difficulties, of such a picture are reviewed, and possible tests of the strongly coupled picture are proposed using lattice gauge theory.
Mardi 2 Juin à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Mathieu Segond (Institut fur theoretische Physik Leipzig Universität) : Resummation of small contributions in Catani-Hautmann factorisation
Jeudi 28 Mai à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Dimitri Colferai (Florence) : A matrix formulation for small-x parton densities
Precise predictions for hadronic parton densities at small values of Bjorken x
are important for phenomenology at LHC and high-energy colliders. More
generally, high-energy QCD dynamics is still an open theoretical problem in many
aspects. The most promising approaches for a quantitative description of partons
densities are based on resummation methods which generalize DGLAP and
After reviewing the basic framework of QCD evolution equations, I present a
recent kt-factorized matrix formulation in which quarks and gluons are treated
on the same ground and exact NLO and NLLx calculations are incorporated. I then
show results for the resummed eigenvalue functions and the splitting function
matrix which show an overall gentle matching of resummation effects to fixed
order quantities. The shallow dip occurring in previous treatments of P_gg
is confirmed, and found in P_gq also.
Jeudi 14 Mai à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Hirotaka Sugawara (KEK) : Photon-photon collider Higgs factory as a precusor to ILC
Low energy photon-photon collider is proposed as a precursor to
ILC when the mass of Higgs is as low as the suggestion of theoretical models.
The theories include Standard model, MSSM, NMSSM etc..
The cost of the machine will be less than half of the currently conceived
The necessary laser technology is still marginal. We need, therefore,
to push it in a world-wide collaboration.
ATTENTION : Séminaire annulé
Mercredi 15 Avril à 11h, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Diego Guadagnoli (TU Munich) : Physics beyond the Standard Model in the light of data
Established experimental data from electroweak and flavor observables have not yet uncovered significant discrepancies with respect to the Standard Model (SM) expectations. Yet, they do give us important qualitative information on the form allowed to SM extensions, that should guide us in future searches. One such piece of information is that the physics generating and stabilizing the electroweak scale may have litttle to do with the physics deciding the observed form of the SM Yukawa couplings — i.e. that Fermi-scale new physics is likely to be minimally flavour violating (MFV). I will review —with specific models as well as in a model-independent fashion— various realizations of the hypthesis of MFV, all inspired by agreement with collider data. For each of them I will show that clear signatures at future colliders do exist, and that they may be discriminating ones.
Jeudi 9 Avril à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Lydia Pieri (IAP, Paris) : Dark Matter structures and their fingerprints on the indirect
detection of gamma-rays
According to the Lambda Cold Dark Matter paradigm, the dark matter halos
today were formed through successive mergers of smaller mass halos. Part
of these merging halos survived without being disrupted in the merging
event, and form the structure of galaxies and clusters today.
We implement different models describing the properties of a population of
substructures inside the Milky Way as well as at cosmological distances,
based on recent N-body simulation.
We also study the properties of the observed satellites of our Milky Way
such as the dwarf galaxies, based on an hybrid modeling derived from
astronomical data and numerical simulations. We present our predictions
for the indirect detection of dark matter through the observation of
gamma-rays produced in the annihilation process, in the case when the dark
matter particle is the lightest supersymmetric particle.
We study both the detectability of subhalos and their angular signatures.
We also include the effect of the Sommerfeld enhancement of the
annihilation cross section in the "slow", small mass galactic and
We make predictions for both the Fermi telescope and for the Air Cherenkov
Telescopes and show comparisons with the already available data.
Mardi 7 Avril à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Nicolas Garron (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid) : Non perturbative HQET at the 1/m order
A natural framework to study B-mesons is provided by heavy quark
effective theory (HQET). I will remind the audience how HQET can be
implemented non perturbatively on the lattice, trough a finite volume
matching to QCD. In particular this can be done beyond the static
approximation (including the 1/m effects).
I will then show how this method can be applied to the computations
of physical quantities like the b-quark mass, the heavy-light decay
constant F_B_s, or the mass splitting mB*-mB.
I will present some results in the quenched approximation, and I will
report on the situation of our simulations with nf=2 flavors of
ATTENTION : Suite à la journée du 2 avril ’LABO MORT’, le séminaire de Lydia Pieri est reporté au 9 avril
Mardi 31 Mars à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Jean-Philippe Lansberg (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford U.) : Perspectives de production de et au LHC
Je discuterai les différents mécanismes potentiellement impliqués dans
la production de quarkonium lourd dans les collisions pp à la lumière
des récents calculs des corrections QCD au NLO et NNLO pour les
transitions singulet et octet de couleur. Je discuterai également les
contributions venant de la coupure dans la voie s dans les transitions
singulet de couleurs. A chaque fois, je confronterai les résultats
obtenus avec les mesures expérimentales venant du Tevatron et de RHIC et
présenterai les prédictions pour le LHC. Par ailleurs, je discuterai
l’utilité et la faisabilité au LHC de mesures de nouvelles observables
ayant pour but de mieux discriminer les différents mécanismes de
ATTENTION : changement d’heure
Vendredi 27 Mars à 11h, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Mauro Papinutto (LPSC Grenoble) : Non-perturbative Heavy Quark Effective Theory and B-physics
We briefly review the strategy to perform non-perturbative heavy quark
theory computations and we consider some phenomenological applications
Jeudi 26 Mars à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Carla Biggio : Neutrino NSI & non-unitarity : which constraints ?
In this seminar we describe neutrino non-standard interactions (NSI)
focusing on the way they can be generated from new physics beyond the
Standard Model. In particular we analize their connection to the
non-unitarity of the leptonic mixing matrix that arises, for example, in
type-I and type-III seesaw models. We then review present constraints on
seesaw parameters, that translate into bounds for this type of NSI, and
other existing constraints on generic NSI. Finally we focus on loop bounds
showing that, contrary to what previously claimed in the literature, they
ATTENTION : Séminaire reporté pour cause de grève le 19 mars
Vendredi 20 Mars à 11h, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Cyrille Marquet : Heavy-quark energy loss and thermalization in a strongly coupled plasma
I will discuss the problem of heavy-quark energy loss and pT-broadening
in a strongly-coupled N=4 SYM plasma. Using the AdS/CFT correspondence,
the strong coupling problem has been reduced by Herzog et al. to solving
the classical dynamics of a trailing string in AdS space. I will propose an
interpretation of the results in terms of the saturation momentum Qs at
strong coupling. Interestingly, the energy loss is parametrically the same
than for a weakly-coupled QCD plasma, when expressed in terms of Qs
while pT-broadening is radiation dominated in SYM theory and
multiple scattering dominated in pQCD. Finally, I will consider the
situation where the heavy quark is slowing down in the medium and estimate
the thermalization time.
Mardi 17 Mars à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Daniel Hernandez (UAM/CSIC) : Gauge Invariant Non Standard Neutrino Interactions
I tackle non standard neutrino interactions (NSIs) from the perspective of effective field theories. A general overview of the theoretical aspects of the subject will be given along with current experimental bounds. Our recent work on the constraints implied by the Standard Model gauge symmetries on possible NSI models is then discussed and some examples are provided. Finally I briefly mention future experimental and theoretical prospects.
Jeudi 12 Mars à 16h30, ATTENTION Amphi 2, Bâtiment 210
Adam Falkowki (CERN) : Unhiggs
The idea of unparticle Higgs (Unhiggs) is to replace an elementary Higgs
field with a more complicated non-local object with a continuous mass
spectrum. This leads to a fully consistent scenario for electroweak
symmetry breaking with distinct physical properties. I will discuss the
construction and some phenomenological properties of the Unhiggs.
Jeudi 5 Mars à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Florian Schwennsen (LPT Orsay, CPhT X) : Hard Pomeron-Odderon interference in production of pairs in collisions at the LHC
The C-odd exchange in hadronic reactions with rapidity gaps is described
by the so-called Odderon but its experimental evidence is still weak since
the C-even exchange (the Pomeron) dominates. In this talk I will present a
possibility to observe the Odderon by interference effects with the
Pomeron in charge asymmetries in the production of two pion pairs. After
the discussion of the theoretical framework for our calculation based on
high energy factorization and the necessary phenomenological input, the
calculation of the charge asymmetry and its result will be presented. I
will conclude with a discussion of experimental rates to be expected in
ultra-peripheral collisions at the LHC.
Séminaire annulé et reporté au 3 mars à 16h30, AMPHI 1, Bâtiment 210
Jeudi 26 Février à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Michele Trapletti (LPT, Orsay) : Strings & GUTS
We present the state of the art of model building in the context
of heterotic string compactifications on orbifolds.
We show the details of a specific model having the MSSM chiral
spectrum, with SU(5) unification at an energy scale set by the
We also show how to link orbifold constructions to smooth manifold
compactifications, and why this is crucial in the study of the
phenomenological properties of a model.
Jeudi 12 Février à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Carlos Yaguna (Universidad Autonoma de Madrid) : The singlet scalar model of dark matter
A simple extension of the Standard Model that can explain the dark matter is
the addition of a singlet scalar that is odd under a new Z_2 symmetry. In
this talk I will discuss the main features of this model. First, an updated
analysis of its parameter space will be presented. By enforcing the relic
density constraint from the very beginning, the viable parameter space gets
reduced to just two variables : the singlet mass and the higgs mass. Then we
calculate the direct detection rate and show that constraints from current
experiments require a singlet mass larger than 50 GeV. Finally, we compute
the gamma ray signal and show that it lies, over most of the viable region,
within the sensitivity of GLAST.
Mercredi 4 Février à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Svjetlana Fajfer (Institut J.Stefan, Ljubljana, Slovenia) : Signatures of Nnew Physics models in top FCNC decay t —> c(u) l+ l-
Many scenarios of new physics allow top quark FCNC decays.
Using most general model independent Lagrangian of new physics we
investigate possible experimental signals of new physics in t —> c(u) l+ l-
FCNC top decays. We find that measurement of two possible asymmetries
might give very important and interesting information of NP. It is
particularly interesting to use them to discriminate among variety on NP
scenarios. We consider also contributions of the interference between
scalar and vector mediators of the FCNC decays.
Jeudi 22 Janvier à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Samuel Wallon (LPT, Orsay) : QCD factorization beyond leading twist in exclusive processes :
Exclusive processes in hard electroproduction with high
center of mass
energy is one of the best place for understanding QCD in the perturbative
The HERA experiment recently provided precise data for
spin density matrix elements. From QCD, it is expected that such a process
a hard (calculable) coefficient function, and hadronic ( and )
a factorization is up to now only proven for a longitudinaly polarized
Within the -factorization
approach (valid at large ),
we evaluate the impact factor of the transition
the twist contributions. We show that
a gauge invariant expression is obtained with the help of QCD equations of
More generally, relying on these equations and on the gauge invariance of the
factorized amplitude, the involved non-perturbative Distribution
Amplitudes can be
reduced to a minimal set.
This opens the way to a
consistent treatment of factorization for exclusive processes with a
polarized vector meson.
JOURS ET HEURES INHABITUELS
Les lundis 19 et 26 janvier, 2 et 9 février à 11h
Grégory Korchemsky : Wilson loop/scattering amplitudes duality in Yang-Mills theories
Série de cours introductifs (une heure chacun)
Jeudi 8 Janvier à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Florian Bonnet (LPT, Orsay) : Low energy effects of neutrino masses
We consider the three different realisations of the seesaw mechanism
(whether the neutrino masses arise from the exchange of fermionic
singlets, fermionic triplets or scalar triplets) and study their
phenomenolgy. We use the effective theory approach. While all models lead
to the same dimension five operator, which conserves lepton number, the
dimension six operators induced at low energy conserve lepton number and
differ depending on the high energy model. We derive these operators for
each seesaw realisation. We will see that the effects resulting from the
dimension six operators can be large compare to the one resulting from the
dimension five operator (neutrino masses) if their coefficients are
decoupled along a certain pattern which is common to all models. Finally
we discuss some peculiarities of the phenomenology of the fermionic
Mardi 6 Janvier à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Giovanni Chirilli (Jefferson Lab) : NLO evolution of color dipoles in QCD and SYM
The small- deep inelastic scattering in the saturation region is
governed by the non-linear evolution of Wilson-line operators.
In the leading logarithmic approximation it is given by the BK
equation for the evolution of color dipoles. I discuss recent calculation
of the next-to-leading order evolution of color dipoles in QCD and SYM. I will also present recent result of the conformal NLO BFKL
kernel obtained from the requirement of Mobius invariance of
SYM amplitudes in the Regge limit.
Jeudi 18 Décembre à 16h30, salle 114, Bâtiment 210
Alberto Romagnoni (LPT, Orsay) : Gauge versus Gravity Mediation
Among different mechanisms for supersymmetry breaking mediation to
the Standard Model, gauge mediation (GMSB) is an interesting possibility
due to its model-independent experimental signatures and to the absence
of the flavour-changing neutral currents problem.
I will show that in stringy inspired setups, in the presence of an
anomalous U(1) gauge group, it is actually difficult to achieve a
scenario of pure gauge mediation, once the stabilisation of the Kahler
moduli is required. Indeed, in the largest region of the parameter
space, the phenomenology at low energy is the result of the interplay
between three different sources : standard GMSB, non-standard GMSB and
gravity. I will discuss the different possibilities that this kind of
model gives for the soft masses spectrum and the dark matter candidates.
Jeudi 27 Novembre à 16h30, salle 114
Séminaire conjoint de cosmologie et de physique des particules
Fernando Quevedo (University of Cambridge) : The LARGE volume string scenario and closed moduli inflation
An overview will be presented of the LARGE volume scenario of
moduli stabilisation in IIB string compactifications. Potential implications
to achieve cosmological inflation from the geometric (closed string) moduli
in this scenario will be reviewed.
Mercredi 26 Novembre à 14h30
D. I. Kazakov (Bogoliubov Lab. of Theoretical Physics, JINR, Dubna, Russia) : Conformal Invariance in Deformed N=4 SYM Theory
We discuss a class of deformations of N=4 SYM theory and look for
conditions under which the theory would be conformally invariant
and finite. Applying the algorithm of perturbative adjustments of the
couplings we construct the family of theories which are conformal up to 3
loops in the non-planar case and up to 4 loops in the planar one. We found
particular solutions in the planar case when the conformal condition seems
to be exhausted in the one loop order and present the arguments that these
solutions might be valid in any loop order.
Jeudi 20 Novembre à 16h30
Pablo Roig (IFIC, Univ. Valencia) : Monte Carlo Generators for Low-Energy Physics : Tau decays
Any measurement of a physical quantity in particle
physics is a complicated process involving a Monte Carlo simulation of
the detector response to a physical signal. With the accuracy sought
nowadays, the relation between a theory and a measurement can be
established at high precision only by providing the experimental groups
with Monte Carlo event generators simulating the measured processes.
I will give a short overview on the work undertaken by
the Working Group on Radiative Corrections and MC Generators for Low
Energies, that covers fours main areas : R measurement with direct scan,
R measurement with Initial State Radiation, Luminosiy and Tau.
After that, I will focus on our contributions to the
hadronic matrix elements for tau decays, that can improve this part of
TAUOLA. Along the same lines, we plan to tackle the study of hadronic
final states in e+e- annihilation, which may be of use for PHOKHARA.
Jeudi 6 Novembre à 16h30
Ana Teixeira (LPT Orsay) : Why the NMSSM ? Low-energy phenomenology and possible signatures at the LHC
We briefly motivate the next-to-minimal supersymmetric extension of
the Standard Model (NMSSM). In the NMSSM, a richer Higgs and neutralino
spectrum allow for many interesting phenomena that are are not present
in the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model.
We propose a supergravity inspired version of the NMSSM.
After considering the different constraints on the parameter space
(such as LEP and dark matter constraints), we discuss the phenomenology
of the model, the implications regarding dark matter detection, and the
prospects for the LHC (sparticle searches and displaced vertices).
Mardi 4 Novembre à 14h30
J.F. Kamenik (Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati) : Signatures of Minimal Flavour Violation at Large Tan Beta
We review and update constraints on dimension-six effective operators in
models respecting the MFV hypothesis, both in the one-Higgs doublet case
and in the two-Higgs doublet scenario with large tan beta. The
constraints are derived mainly from FCNC and helicity suppressed
observables measured at the kaon and B meson factories. The implications
of these bounds in view of improved measurements in exclusive and
inclusive observables in b -> s and s -> d transitions are discussed.
Jeudi 23 Octobre à 16h30
Dmitri Melikhov (IINP, Moscow State University & HEPHY, Vienna) : Accuracy of bound-state parameters obtained from dispersive sum rules
Making use of exactly solvable quantum-mechanical model, the possibility
to control the accuracy of hadron parameters extracted from different
versions of sum rules is studied. I discuss three examples :
(i) decay constant from two-point vacuum correlator,
(ii) form factor from three-point vacuum correlator, and
(iii) form factor from two-point hadron-to-vacuum correlator.
Jeudi 9 Octobre à 16h30
Maxim Chernodub (LMPT Tours) : Electric-magnetic asymmetry of the dimension-2 condensate and the phases of Yang-Mills theory
We study the finite-temperature behavior of the A^2
condensate in the Landau gauge of SU(2) Yang-Mills theory on the
lattice in a wide range of temperatures. The asymmetry between the
electric (temporal) and magnetic (spatial) components of this
unconventional dimension-2 condensate is a convenient
ultraviolet-finite quantity which possesses, as we demonstrate,
unexpected properties. The low-temperature behavior of the condensate
asymmetry suggests that the mass of the lowest thermal excitation in
the condensate is unexpectedly low, about 200 MeV, which is much
smaller than the glueball mass. The asymmetry is peaked at the phase
transition being a monotonically decreasing function in the
deconfinement phase. A symmetric point is reached in the deconfinement
phase at a temperature approximately equal twice the critical
temperature. The behavior of the electric-magnetic asymmetry of the
condensate separates the phase diagram of Yang-Mills theory into three
regions. We suggest that these regions are associated with the
condensed, liquid and gaseous states of the confining gluonic objects,
the Abelian monopoles.
JOURS ET HEURES INHABITUELS
Mercredis 8, 15 et 22 Octobre et vendredis 10, 17 et 24 Octobre de 15h à 16h, Amphi I, Bat 210
Mikhail SHIFMAN (University of Minnesota (USA)
et Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (Orsay)) :
Polyakov’s Confinement in Three and Four Dimensions
This lecture course begins with a pedagogical presentation of
the Polyakov Abelian confinement in three dimensions.
The crucial theoretical ingredients are dualization and
instantons-monopoles whose contribution is responsible for
dual photon mass generation. Dual photon in this theory is a
(pseudo)scalar phase field which lives on .
Confining strings are equivalent to domain lines, with
vortices of the field at the endpoints. In the original
formulation (before dualization) the vortices are electric charges.
Confinement of electric charges is explicit and occurs at weak coupling
which makes it fully calculable. Introduction of massless quarks
suppresses Polyakov’s confinement.
In the second part of the lecture course I discuss recent developments
which may have serious implications for four-dimensional QCD-like
If we formulate QCD-like theories on with a small
radius of the compactified dimension and
stabilize the center symmetry, then we deal with a weakly coupled gauge
with broken down to U.
The low-energy theory confines à la Polyakov, even
in spite of massless quarks that can be present in the low-energy spectrum.
Moreover, with one quark flavor, a discrete chiral symmetry of the
theory is spontaneously
broken. One can argue that the transition to large (i.e. to
one flavor QCD) is smooth. If so, one can treat qualitatively, and,
perhaps, even semi-quantitatively,
basic regularities of four-dimensional QCD.
With two or more flavors we get a remarkable example of of a dynamical
gauge theory with confinement
but without chiral symmetry breaking.
Mardi 16 Septembre à 16h30
Prof. Rahul Sinha (Université de New Delhi) : Clean signals of New Physics in B decays
We review some of the signals of New Physics in B decays.
We show that some of the signals are free from hadronic uncertainties
to a very good approximation. Such signals would play a critical role
in the hunt for New Physics at future super flavor factories.